Barnard-Columbia Relations, 1960s – 1980s

Barnard – Columbia Relations, 1960s – 1980s

Year Date Event/Development
Late 1950s Columbia President Grayson Kirk (1953-68) and Barnard President Millicent McIntosh (1947-62) work effectively together on inter-corporate relations.
1962 Rosemary Park, president of Connecticut College, named 2nd president of Barnard College.  A recognized scholar and fundraiser.
1962 Barnard and Columbia open more of their classes to cross-registration; net flow was from Barnard to Columbia, but no charge  being exacted.
1967 June Rosemary Park resigns as Barnard’s 2nd president after five years in office
1967 November Martha A. Peterson becomes Barnard’s 3rd president; a mid-Westerner with student-side administrative experience at University of Wisconsin.
1968 April 23-30 Building occupations on Columbia campus result in arrest of 700+ Columbia students, 115 of them Barnard students.
May 6 President Peterson expelled Linda LeClair for lying to Judicial Council and violating parietal rules by living off-campus with boyfriend.
July English professor Carl Hovde named dean of Columbia College; serves until July 1972
August Grayson Kirk resigns as CU’s 14th president; University in financial disarray; Andrew W. Cordier named acting president
September Parietal rules for Barnard women relaxed.
November Plimpton Hall opened.
1969 Fall Barnard black students organize BOSS – Barnard Organization of Soul Sisters; press for separate housing, more black faculty and role in recruitment
1969 November Altschul Science Tower and McIntosh Student Center open
1970 July William McGill becomes CU’s 16th president; charged with overcoming University chronic deficits and mounting debt. 1970-71 deficit at $15,000,000. Total deficit stood at $40,000,000 on $151,000,000 operating budget.
1970 September 17 CU position on the pricing of Barnard’s X-registration payment: Bernard Friedman to Provost Peter Kenen: “The object of the negotiation is not optimum pricing of x-registration, but maximum pressure for academic merger.”
BC and CU trustees adjust their financial arrangements, providing for Barnard to start paying for X-registration and for access to libraries, gym. Amount still under discussion. 1971-72 to be first year of cross payments
1971 Fall Some co-ed living permitted in a couple dormitories.
1971 Columbia College dean and College  faculty begin to press to make CC co-educational as a way of competing with other Ivies who have recently done so.
Dean of Graduate Faculties George Fraenkel calls for merger of the Barnard and Columbia faculties as a cost-cutting measure.
1973 July 1 BC-CU trustees reach intercorporate agreement on magnitude of BC financial obligations to Columbia, with estimated annual BC payment to CU on the order of $3 million.
Barnard faculty tenure cases subject to University ad hoc provisions whereby University provost controls the process.
Amount of x-registration increases with Barnard attracting more Columbia students than anticipated, but still net negative balance.
1974 December Turnover in Barnard trustee leadership as Eleanor Elliott succeeds Wallace Jones as Board chair; Jones (along with Robert Houget, Francis Plimpton and Samuel Milbank) viewed as being open to merger ; Elliott viewed as strongly opposed. William Golden and Helene Kaplan join the board and align with Elliott.
1975 June Martha Peterson leaves Barnard for presidency of Beloit; general view that she was urged to resign by trustees distrustful of her commitment to Barnard’s autonomy. Some faculty protest trustee action.
November Barnard trustees approve search committee’s unanimous choice of Brown provost Jacqueline Mattfeld as Barnard’s 4th president.
1976 February President-elect Mattfeld meets with CU President McGill; they do not hit it off
May Mattfeld assumes the presidency, reporting to the Barnard community her difficulties working with CU administrators. Commits herself and trustees to eliminating the salary gap between Barnard and Columbia faculty.
1976 May President McGill: “Barnard’s faculty must be merged into the Columbia faculty by 1985.”
1976 Coulumbia College Dean Peter Pouncey relieved of post  by President McGill following call for the College to admit women.
Barnard trustees relieve Mattfeld of responsibility for dealing with BC-CU relations.
1977 Christine Royer succeeds the retiring Helen McCann as Director of Admissions
Charles S. Olton appointed Dean of the Faculty; first outside appointment to the position; remains untenured
1977 Amherst economist Arnold Collery appointed Dean of Columbia College, succeeding the dismissed Peter Pouncey.
1977 July Barnard increases size of entering classes and accepted transfers as a way of balancing Barnard budget; College had run annual deficits since 1971.
Several disputed tenure cases where nominated Barnard faculty fail to secure Ad Hoc/provostial approval.
1978 Increased class sizes puts pressure on dormitories and increases percentage of commuters. Beginning of “Mattfeld bump.”
1979 Barnard students protest fee hikes; administration trying to cope with high inflation.
1980 June Mattfeld obliged to resign; reasons for trustee action not specified; various explanations circulated at time. Many faculty protest her firing.
July 1 Provost Michael I. Sovern becomes Columbia’s 17th president. Anxious to resolve the matter of Columbia College and its co-education proponents.
Calls for “virtual coeducation” for Columbia College. Would require 40% of all Barnard enrollements be in Columbia classes.
July 10 Trustee Ellen V. Futter (BC  ’71)  named interim president; not expected to become president; national search underway.
1980 Fall CU committee chaired by Ronald Breslow projects that Barnard can survive Columbia College becoming co-ed, but that CC could not compete in the Ivies if it didn’t go co-ed.
December 21 Sovern communicates CU decision to BC trustees to have the College admit women in the fall of 1983
1981 January 22 A BC-CU agreement reached whereby Barnard acquiesced in Columbia decision to make CC co-educational; BC secures modest modification in Ad Hoc faculty-tenure arrangements.
May 6 Ellen V. Futter named Barnard’s 5th president; then 31 years old.
1982 Fall Curriculum Review underway; led by TC president Lawrence A. Cremin
1982 Biologist Robert Pollack succeeds the retiring Arnold Collery as 11th dean of Columbia College
1984 Implementation of First-Year Seminar Program; Quantitative Reasoning requirement; Centennial Scholars; some Barnard programs designated as Barnard-based programs by CC: dance; theatre; environmental science; architecture; urban studies.
1985 Barnard trustees decide to go ahead to borrow funds from NY state for new dorm; intended to make Barnard fully residential

 

Last updated: January 10, 2016
ram31@columbia.edu

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