History 3491 Materials

History 3491x/Fall 2019
Wednesdays 10:10 – 12:00
Making Barnard History — The Research Process
Mr. McCaughey
Milstein 901
[email protected]


This seminar has two objectives:
— to explore the institutional, spatial  and social history of Barnard College in some detail;
— to explore various methods used by historians to fashion the history of an ongoing
institution such a Barnard

Among the methods to be considered:
Quantitative history —  numbers, statistics and graphs in telling Barnard’s history;
Mapping — the  use of GPS/GIS  to devise visual representations and interpretive
maps relating to Barnard’s history;
Comparative history — Considerations of other colleges (The Sisters and Columbia
College) for what was distinctive and what generic about Barnard;
Oral History — The use of scripted interviews to illuminate otherwise not recorded
recent aspects of Barnard’s history

Meeting Calendar

1. September 4 Introduction:
Sources & Themes
I. Barnard by the Numbers:
Quantitative History
2. September 11 “The Good of Counting”
Founders & Trustees
3. September 18 Who Was Barnard For?
Early Student Demographics
4. September 25 Who Led? Who Taught?
Early Deans & Faculty
5. October 2 Who Paid?
College Finances
II. Barnard in Time  & Place
Spatial History
6. October 9 The Physical Campus:
East Side Beginnings
7. October 16 The  Move to Morningside
8. October 23 The Other Sisters
9. October 30 The Campus Since 1950
III. Barnard Stories
Narrative & Oral History
10. November 6 Dean Gildersleeve &
“The Hebrew Problem”
11. November 13 In Those Days:
The McIntosh Era
12. November 20 Slipping the Merger Knot:
Surviving the ‘70s & ‘80s
13. November 27 The Shapiro & Spar Presidencies:

Reconnecting with the City

14. December 4 Members Pick

Requirements and Grade Weightings

  1. Participation in 2 team poster sessions – 5% each
    2. Posting of a book review – 10%
    3. Quantitative analysis assignment – 15%
    4. Mapping assignment – 15%
    5. Oral history assignment – 15%
    6. Final essay — 25%
    7. Seminar participation – 10%



Schedule of Weekly Assignments

  1. September 4, 2019 – Introduction: Sources & Themes
    Confirm membership
    Check on members’ familiarity with statistical (e.g., Excel,   STATA, SPSS ) and mapping (ArcGis; Social Explorer) and schedule tutorial session(s)  at Empirical Reasoning Center
    Discussion of secondary  sources about the history of American higher education,
    women’s colleges and Barnard
    Introduction to the Barnard College Archives http://blogs.cuit.columbia.edu/ram31/bibliographies/barnard-sources-archives/

First Week Assignments  for 2nd meeting ( September 11):
1. Prepare and post (by 9/10) a short written statement of your specific areas of interest with respect to Barnard’s history

2. Read draft chapters 1-4 of  “A College of Her Own: The History of Barnard”

3.  Review “Appendices” http://blogs.cuit.columbia.edu/ram31/appendices/

                                                 PART ONE — BARNARD BY THE NUMBERS

  1. September 11 — The Good of Counting
    Early Barnard by the Numbers – Some Institutional Comparisons
    Finances/Plant/Governance/Student Demographics/Instructional Staff

What is “prosopography”?
On Reading a college financial statement
Create  four teams of presenters for the Semester

Required Secondary Reading
“A College of Her Own,” Chs. 5 & 6.

III.  September 18 — Who Was Early Barnard For?
Social Profiling Barnard’s Early  Leaders (Founders, Donors,  Trustees, Administrators)

Required Secondary Reading
“A College of Her Own,” Chs. 7 & 8.


  1. September 25 — Who Came to Barnard?
    Social Profiling Barnard Students – Then & NowRequired Secondary Reading
    “A College of Her Own,” Chs. 9 & 10.

Ist & 2nd Team Poster Sessions

  1. October 2 — Who Taught?

Social Profiling Barnard Faculty

Required Secondary Reading
“A College of Her Own,” Chs. 11 & 12..

3rd & 4th Team Poster Sessions


                                           PART TWO –MAPPING BARNARD HISTORY

  1. October 9 – East Side Beginnings 

    VII. October 16 – The Move to Morningside
    Andrew Dolkart, Morningside

VIII. October 23 –The Barnard Campus since 1950

IX. October 30 —  Barnard and Her Sisters
3rd Presenters


                                      PART THREE – RECORDING  BARNARD HISTORY

  1. November 6 — The Mechanics of Oral History InterviewingXI. November 13 – Post Transcript of oral history interview

XII. November 20 —  Post Transcript of oral history interview

Final Assignment :
November 25  — Each member submits/posts  an  15-page essay on some aspect of Barnard’s history, using techniques and presentational formats of quantitative, spatial, narrative or oral history.

XIII. November 27 – No Meeting

XIV. December 4 – Final Meeting








Making Barnard History
(History  BC 3491x)
Fall 2019
Mr. McCaughey


Digitally Available Source Materials for the History of Barnard College

Barnard College Archives, 4th floor, Milstein Center for Teaching & Learning


Martha Tenney, Associate Archivist – [email protected]

Access to Digital Collections — https://digitalcollections.barnard.edu

Barnard Bulletin

The Barnard Bulletin was founded in 1901 as a weekly newspaper and historically covered events on campus, all aspects of student life, affairs of Barnard’s administration and the Board of Trustees, and relations with Columbia. At the time of its launch, Barnard was among the few colleges in the country to print a weekly newspaper. The Bulletin switched to a biweekly schedule in 2007 and to a monthly schedule in fall 2009; it has also shifted from a traditional newspaper design, printed on newsprint, to a more features-oriented, glossy-paged magazine format.



The Barnard College yearbooks—The Annual and later the Mortarboard—depict life at Barnard and honor the graduating classes. Many volumes feature original artwork, photography, and design done by students, as well as photographs (in black and white, and later, color) of student activities and formal portraits of students, faculty, and staff. Some yearbooks contain histories of the College, histories of academic departments, retrospectives looking back on the events at Barnard of that year, letters from the Dean of the College, student directories, lists and photographs of faculty and administrators, photographs of the graduating class, photographs from various events and clubs, and advertisements by local businesses.


Barnard Magazine

The Barnard Magazine provides a way for alums to stay in touch with each other and to learn about developments in the Barnard community. The Magazine was first published in 1912 by the Barnard Alumnae Association. The name of the publication changed sporadically. Originally called the “Bulletin of the Associate Alumnae,” it became the “Barnard College Alumnae Monthly,” the “Barnard College Alumnae Monthly,” and “Barnard Alumnae“; it is currently called Barnard Magazine. Initially the Magazine was published once a year; issue frequency has varied, and today it is published quarterly.

Initial issues were helmed by Dean Gildersleeve, who wrote most of the material. Advertisements were introduced in 1921, and photographs in 1922. Initially, lists were published of marriages, moves, and divorces. Later issues saw each class assigned a ‘correspondent’ who published news of class members in personal columns. Alums were asked to write in with personal news, which was published in the back pages of the Magazine. In the 1970s the Magazine’s focus became more general, with articles being written about the state of the world from the perspective of Barnard alums, rather than focusing merely on College activities. The Alumnae Magazine was originally sent out to paying members of the Alumnae Association, but is now sent to all Barnard alums. Materials published in the Magazine offer a unique narrative of the College’s history. Articles, interviews, and notices intended for alumns often acknowledge and comment on important events not only at Barnard (for example, student movements or historically significant administrative decisions), but also in New York City.



Photograph collections at the Barnard Archives and Speical Collections depict various aspects of the history of Barnard College, including the academic and social lives of students; portraits of faculty and staff members; annual traditions that took place at Barnard College, such as the Greek Games; the campus and surrounding areas; performing arts; and events with other colleges and universities. Photographs in a variety of formats–black and white photographs, color photographs, slides, and glass plate negatives–encompass both candid shots of campus life and posed individual and group portraits. The selection of images available via the Digital Collections are drawn from a number of distinct archival collections, including BC17, the Barnard College Photography Collection, and BC03, the Buildings and Grounds Collection.


Recent Online Barnard College Course Catalogues





Columbia Source Materials

Columbia University Archives, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, 6th Floor, Butler Library

Jocelyn Wilk, Archivist — 

Columbia Spectator Archive, 1877-2015

Columbia University Quarterly
The Columbia University Quarterly was published by the Alumni Federation of Columbia University from 1898 to 1941. The first issues from 1898 to 1919 (volumes 1 to 21) are available online. Publication was suspended from 1920 to 1929 and resumed from 1930 to 1941. The Quarterly’s predecessor, the Columbia University Bulletin (1890-1898) is also available online. Paper copies are available at the University Archives.

Columbia University Record Archive
Beginning as the University Record (September 1973-May 1975) and continuing to this day as the Columbia University Record (July 1975-present), this important university-wide publication, now scanned and fully searchable, is an incredibly rich resource of past Columbia activities, events, scientific research, trustee and faculty appointments, awards and honors, libraries news, departmental achievements, budget and financial reporting, faculty and staff updates, as well as containing informative profiles of campus personalities from 1973 to June 2016.



What can we learn about an individual early Barnard student/graduate?
Her name – name as student and married name
Her class (that with which she graduated)
Her pre-Barnard residence
Her academic major

Hathi Trust Library Site — https://www.hahitrust.org/

1925 Register of AABC — https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b112564;view=1up;seq=6

1895-1900 Register — https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiuo.ark:/13960/t4rj5qw8b;view=1up;seq=1

1910=1915 Report and register



1930 Register — https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=osu.32435008162091

Bibliography of Alumnae Books to 1963 — https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102359637

Barnard College Digital Collections — https://digitalcollections.barnard.edu/


Last updated: 8/25/2019
[email protected]





Boswell: Sir Alexander Dick tells me that he remembers having a thousand
people a year to dine at his house: that is, reckoning each person
as  one, each time that he dined there.

Johnson: That, Sir, is about three a day.

Boswell:   How your statement lessens the idea.

Johnson: That, Sir, is the good of counting. It brings everything to a certainty,   which before floated in the wind indefinitely.
                                             – James Boswell, Life of Dr. Johnson, Vol. IV, 204


2015 Seminar Meeting Notes:

February 2, 2015
February 9, 2015
February 16, 2015

“How Does Early Barnard Differ from the other ‘Sisters’?”
Leora Boussi — Wellesley
Paulina Pinsky — Smith
Lauren — Radcliffe
Sarah Thieneman– Mt. Holyoke

February 23, 2015 Meeting Notes

First Research Project — January 26 – February 23

A Tale of Two Cities?  For Whom Barnard Intended?

First Project Menu of Topics

February 23 — Presentations
Caroline Lange — “What Was Expected of Early Barnard Alumnae?”
Paulina Pinsky — Barnard’s Original Women Trustees
Federica Rottaris — Religious Affiliations of Early Board Members
Elizabeth Moye — The Controversy over Annie Nathan Meyer
Elizabeth Moye — A Bibliography of Annie Nathan Meyer
Sarah Thieneman — Early Barnard and Mount Holyoke
Kelly Reller — The Beginnings of Financial Aid at Barnard
Jenna Davis — Mapping Classes of 1910 and 1925
Mollie Galchus — Getting There: Queens Students at Early Barnard
Amanda Breen — Getting In : Barnard, Bryn Mawr and Wellesley
Leora Boussi — Majors and Careers: Barnard Class of 1910}
Adele Bernhard — First Male Trustees


Part II — March 2nd to March 23rd, 2015

March 3rd Meeting
1. Overview of Post Wordl war II Barnard [1945-70s]
2. Guest Tutorial on conducting  oral history interview
[Erica Fugger, CU Oral History Office)    [Erica Fugger Powerpoint Presentation]
3. Return comments on First Major Presentations

Oral History Examples and Prospects

March 9th Meeting
1. Locate, read and prepare a brief comment on an extant oral history relating to Barnard

Overview of Barnard in Post-War Period, 1945-1982

2. Guest tutorial on digital recording aand/or videtaping an oral history interview
[Miriam Neptune, IMATS]
3. Seminarians report on progress securing an interviewee and schedule for interview
[Interview possibilities]

By Friday, March 13, 205 — Complete arrangements  to conduct a 40-minute oral history interview with someone involved with Barnard during the Post WW II era

Half the seminar conduct the interview before or during Spring Break week 3/16 – 3/20) and half the week of March 23-27

No Meeting March 16th — Spring Break

March 23rd Meeting
Review and discuss the first batch of completed interviews

Elizabeth Moye — March 10, 2015 Interview with Paula Franzese, BC ’80
March 15,  2015 Interview with Professor Peter Balsam

Mollie Galchus — March 19, 2015 Interview with Dorothy Denburg, BC ’70

Amanda Breen — March 23, 2015 Interview with Linda Zappulla, BC ’71

Jenna Davis — March xx, 2015  Interview with Adrienne Schure, BC ’71

Adele Bernhard — Interview with Andrea Polk-Stevenson, BC ’71 [March 30]

Kelly Reller — Interview with Janet Price, BC ’71 [March 30]

Paula Pinsky — Interview with Stephanie Brandt,  BC ’72 [March 30]

Sarah Thieneman — Interview with Carol Berkin, BC ’64 [March 30]

Federica Rottaris — Interview with Dr. Harriet Mogul [April 6]

Lauren Malotra-Gaudet

Gina Masino — Interview with  Karla Jay ’68, March 30, 2015

Leora Boussi — Dr. Jacob Alexander, Senior Lecturer in Chemistry

March 30 Meeting
Review and discuss  the second batch of completed interviews

Second Inter-Presentational Assignment

1. Select one of Barnard’s eleven chief administrators and her consider her biography and career;

2. Isolate and consider a specific biographical fact/characteristic/trait about her as it relates to her performance as Barnard’s head in one of the following ways:
as the predictive of her performance;
as the most determinative;
as the most surprising;
as the most overlooked/neglected;
as the most overrated/over-determined;
or in some other significant way of your choosing.

3. Post your speculation as a 1000-word presentation on the course blog
[Postings should be made by 4/5/2015]


April 6, 2015 Meeting Note

April 13, 2105 — Meeting Note

Deans/Presidents Profiles

Ella Weed
Emily James Smith — Gina Masino
Laura Gill — Adele Bernhard

Virginia C. Gildersleeve

Millicent McIntosh — Sarah Thieneman
—  Leora Boussi
Paulina Pinsky

Rosemary Park — Jenna Davis

Martha Peterson — Kelly Reller

Jacelyn Mattfeld — Amanda Breen

Ellen Futter — Lizzie Moye
Lauren Malotra-Gaudet
Mollie Galchus
Judith Shapiro — Federica Rottaris

Debora Spar — Caroline Lange

April 20 Meeting Note


April 27 Meeting

Third Presentations [Presented April 27th and May 4th]

Mollie Galchus — Commuting [From Queens] to Barnard
Paula Pinsky — Physical Education in the 1950s
Lizzie Moye — To Merge or Not?
Interview with Barrie Tait  Collins, BC ’49
Interview with Anne Lake Prescott, BC ’59, Professor of English
Jenna Davis — Admissions; Then & Now
Amanda Breen — The Suffrage Debate in the Barnard Bulletin
Kelly Reller — The Life and Demise of the Barnard Pool
Gina Masino and Lauren Malotra-Gaudet — A History of LGBTQ at Barnard
Caroline Lange — A History of the Magnolia Tree on the Barnard Lawn
Leora Boussi –Grading at Barnard and Columbia; The Case of Biochemistry
Adele Bernhard —  A Note on the Financial History of Barnard
Sarah Thieneman — McAc
Federica Rottaris — Student  Medical Services  at Barnard

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