Writing Surfaces

Babinger, Franz. Zur Geschichte der Papiererzeugung im Osmanischen Reiche. Berlin: Reichsdruckerei, 1931.

Bagnall, Roger S. “Materializing Ancient Documents.” Daedalus 145.2 (2016): 79-87.

Barrett, Tim, et al. Paper through Time: Nondestructive Analysis of 14th- through 19th- Century Papers. The University of Iowa, last modified 4 May 2016; available at: http://paper.lib.uiowa.edu/index.php

The Bernstein Project: The Memory of Paper, 2006-2009. The website is maintained by the Bernstein Consortium at the ÖAW (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften), Vienna, as a digital infrastructure for the expertise and history of paper; available at: http://www.memoryofpaper.eu

Bidwell, John. American Paper Mills, 1690-1832: A Directory of the Paper Trade, with Notes on Products, Watermarks, Distribution Methods, and Manufacturing Techniques. Hanover, N.H.: Dartmouth College Press, 2013.

Bloom, Jonathan M. Paper before Print: The History and Impact of Paper in the Islamic World. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2001.

Floor, Willem, and Amélie Couvrat-Desvergnes. History of Paper in Iran: 1501-1925. [No place:] Mage, 2022.

Fowler, Caroline. The Art of Paper: From the Holy Land to the Americas.  New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2019.

Karabacek, Joseph von. Das arabische Papier: Eine historisch-antiquarische Untersuchung. Vienna: Kaiserlich Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1887.

Kwakkel, Erik. “Discarded Parchment as Writing Support in English Manuscript Culture.” In English Manuscripts before 1400, ed. A. S. G. Edwards and Orietta Da Rold: 238-261.  English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700 17.  London: British Library, 2012.

Kwakkel, Erik. “Classics on Scraps: Classical Manuscripts Made from Parchment Waste.” In Manuscripts of the Latin Classics, ed. E. Kwakkel: 106-129 and 204-211 with pls. 11-18.  Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2015.

Laurentius, Theo, and Frans Laurentius. Watermarks in Paper from the South-West of France, 1560-1860. Leiden: Brill, 2018.

Loveday, Helen. Islamic Paper: A Study of the Ancient Craft. London: Don Baker Memorial Fund, 2001.

Mosser, Daniel W., and Ernest W. Sullivan II, with Len Hatfield and David H. Radcliffe.    The Thomas L. Gravell Watermark Archive. 1996-.  Available at: www.gravell.org

Müller, Lothar. Weisse Magie: Die Epoche des Papiers. Munich: Hanser, 2012.  Translated as White Magic: The Age of Paper, by Jessica Spengler. Cambridge: Polity, 2014.

Norman, Jerry. “Inner Asian Words for Paper and Silk.” Journal of American Oriental Society 135.2 (2015): 309–317.

Papier im mittelalterlichen Europa: Herstellung und Gebrauch, eds. Carla Meyer, Sandra Schultz, und Bernd Schneidmüller. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2015.  Available at: http://www.degruyter.com/viewbooktoc/product/431205

Piccard, Gerhard (1909-1989). Wasserzeichenzeichensammlung. Stuttgart, Landesarchiv Baden-Württenberg, Hauptstaatsarchiv, Bestand J 340.  The entire collection of Piccard’s index cards comprises about 92,000 watermarks, and includes the material published between 1961 and 1997; the digitized cards are available at: https://www.piccard-online.de   

Regourd, Anne. “Digitising between the Lines: Representation or Reading? An Essay.” Anuari de filologia: Antiqua et mediaevalia 5 (2015): 67-74.  Available on the journal’s website at: http://revistes.ub.edu/index.php/AFAM/article/view/15219/18456

Rose-Beers, Kristine. “Reading with Conservators: The Language of Book Archaeology.” In By the Pen and What They Write: Writing in Islamic Art and Culture, eds. Sheila Blair and Jonathan Bloom: page numbers not available.  Sixth Biennial Hamad bin Khalifa Symposium on Islamic Art, 7-9 November 2015.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.

Rose-Beers, Kristine. “Preparing to Conserve an Early Qur’an Manuscript in the Collections of Sir Alfred Chester Beatty: Exploring the Materiality of the Early Islamic Book.” Care and Conservation of Manuscripts 17 (2021): 107-133.

Vanthieghem, Naïm. “Contribution à l’histoire de la transition du papyrus au papier: A propos de la date de P. Ryl. Arab. I, X 10.” Chronique d’Egypte 90 (2015): 423-430.

Wasserzeichen-Informationssystem. 2010-.  Available at: http://www.wasserzeichen-online.de/

Wiesmüller, Beate. “The Watermarks from the Refaiya Library.” Translated from the German by Steven Black. No date [between 2008-2012].  Available on the website of the Damaszener Familienbibliothek Refaiya, Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, at: http://www.refaiya.uni-leipzig.de/texts/Watermarks_Refaiya.pdf


Dagmar A. Riedel

First published, 13 April 2013

Last updated, 11 October 2022


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