Authority Files, Metadata, and Structured Vocabulary

Catálogo de Autoridades de la Red de Bibliotecas del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC).  Available at:

CCO: Cataloging Cultural Objects.  The guide to describing cultural works and their Images offers a data content standard for the cultural heritage community, and is sponsored by the Visual Resources Association (VRA) Foundation.  Available at:

Classification Web.  This resource is maintained by the Cataloging Distributing Service of the Library of Congress, and only available to paying subscribers at:

DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.  The website of the open forum for the development of interoperable online metadata standards for a broad range of purposes provides access to Dublin Core resources.  Available at:

Disciplinary Metadata.  They are compiled by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC), UK; available at:

Getty Vocabularies.  The four sections of the database are the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (GTN), the Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA), and the Union List of Artist Names (ULAN).  The four lists of structured vocabulary can be used as Linked Open Data, and are available at: 

Iconclass.  The Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie (RKD) developed the multilingual classification system for cultural contents.  The subject-specific classification system offers a hierarchically ordered collection of definitions of objects, people, events and abstract ideas that serve as the subject of an image can be used as Linked Open Data.  Available at:

Library of Congress Authorities.  Available at:

MARC Standards.  Available at:

OAI-PMH: Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.  Available at:

Tamboti.  The collection ecosystem and metadata framework was developed by the Heidelberg Research Architecture (HRA), and allows users to create, organize, share and publish metadata records on intellectual and artistic works and their interrelations, e.g. bibliographical entries describing publications or catalogs or detailing cultural objects or collections of works of art.  Available at:

VIAF: The Virtual International Authority File.  Available at:

VRA Core.  The Visual Research Association (VRA) developed the data standard for the description of works of visual culture as well as the images that document them.  Available at:


Dagmar A. Riedel

Last updated, 20 May 2019

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