Things Every Aspiring Carpenter Needs to Know

Do you have a passion for carpentry? Are you interested in learning the basics of woodworking? Many people love the idea of working with wood, but what does it really involve? Here’s more crucial information on topics such as types of wood, tools of the trade, and safety precautions. So whether you’re just starting out or you’ve been working with wood for a while but want to learn more, read on!

Carpentry is the trade of cutting, shaping and installing building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, and more. Carpenters traditionally work with natural wood and work on larger constructions such as framing, or smaller constructions such as furniture. Today many other materials are also used and carpenters are often involved in finish work and interior trim as well.

Whether you’re interested in carpentry from a professional perspective, or you want to do woodworking as a hobby, there’s a lot you need to know about what it all involves. Here are some of the key facts about carpentry.

You’ll Need A Range Of Tools

To be an effective carpenter or woodworker, you’ll usually need more than some wood and a saw, although this is a good start! You’re going to need a variety of hand and power tools to help you with different aspects of your work. These might include saws, hammers, screws, sandpaper, drills, measuring tape and more. It’s important to have the right tool for the job, as this will make your work easier and produce better results. When it comes to saws in particular, you’ll want to choose some good options for the type of work you want to do. You might not need a track saw at the start, but getting a benchtop table saw is definitely worth it.

There are Different Types of Wood

This might sound obvious, but different types of wood can also have very different properties. Different woods will have varying levels of hardness, density, strength and durability. They can also differ in terms of grain pattern, color and more. This is something you need to keep in mind when working with wood, as it will affect the results you achieve. For example, if you’re trying to create a delicate piece of furniture then using a harder wood might not be the best idea. But wood types that have good properties for durable furniture include oak and maple.

Some Woods Are More Expensive Than Others

The price of wood can also vary a lot, depending on the type of wood and where you’re getting it from. Some woods are more expensive than others, but this doesn’t necessarily mean they’re better to work with. You might find that a cheaper wood is actually easier to work with and produces better results for your project. It’s important to do your research before buying any wood so that you know what you’re getting. Some people like the idea of using a type of wood that is a little more rare or exotic, such as mahogany, but this will also come at a higher cost. Consider what you really want out of your woodworking projects, and also what kind of environmental impact it will have. You may find pieces of wood you find at a junk yard will do the job just as well.

Woodworking Can Be Dangerous

Working with wood can be dangerous, so it’s important to take the necessary precautions. Always wear gloves when handling wood, as this will protect your hands from splinters. In addition, always wear eye protection when using power tools. It’s also a good idea to wear a dust mask to avoid inhaling any wood dust. When working with power tools, always read the instructions carefully and be sure to use them properly. Be aware of your surroundings and make sure there are no hazards that could cause you to trip or fall.

You Can Do It As A Hobby Or Profession

Carpentry and woodworking can be enjoyed as a hobby or taken up as a profession. If you’re interested in making it your career, then there are a few things you need to know. Firstly, you’ll need to get some qualifications and training. You can do this by completing an apprenticeship or taking carpentry classes at a trade school. Once you have the necessary skills, you’ll need to find a job with a carpentry company. Alternatively, you could start your own woodworking business. Carpentry can be a very satisfying career, as it’s both creative and practical.

If you’re doing it as a hobby, then you can simply enjoy working on projects in your spare time. There’s no need to get any formal training or qualifications, although it might be helpful to take some classes so that you can learn the basics.

You Don’t Just Use Carpentry Skills To Make Furniture

While many people think of carpentry as making furniture, this isn’t the only thing that carpenters do. They also build things like stairs, flooring, framing and more. If you’re interested in becoming a carpenter, then you’ll ideally need to be skilled in all of these areas. Although you could specialize in one niche, you’ll be a more versatile as a carpenter if you can apply your skills to different things. It’s also important to have good problem-solving skills so that you can figure out solutions to any challenges that come up during a project.

Carpentry is a rewarding and satisfying activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. It’s important to have the right skills and knowledge to be successful at it. With a little bit of practice, anyone can become a skilled carpenter.

Signs You Need to Call a Plumber

Plumbers are used to emergency calls for leaking water, broken pipes, and frozen valves. However, if you catch issues before they become an emergency it will save you a lot of money, and your plumber will appreciate it.

Plumbing issues that aren’t addressed can become emergencies over time. One leak can cost thousands of dollars in repairs, remediation, and renovation. If you suspect you have an issue with your plumbing, you can save time, money, and stress by calling out your plumber right away.

Clogged Toilets

If your toilets seem to always be clogged you may have a child who uses too much toilet paper, or you could have a plumbing problem. This could be caused by having the toilet vent clogged, low water pressure from an old low-flow or malfunctioning toilet, or roots in your drain lines. Whatever the reason, you should get your system checked with a sewer camera to find the problem.

Slow Drainage

Pipes that consistently drain slowly could show an issue with your overall plumbing or with that specific drain. If you clean out the drain and there is no improvement, it’s time to call a plumber. He may need to clean or replace the trap, or there may be a clog somewhere in your drain lines.

High Water Bills

If your water bill is suddenly higher than normal, and you haven’t been using an unusual amount of water, you should worry about a leak. The best way to check for a leak is to shut off your water everywhere, including inside and outside of the house, and then check your water meter to see if it’s running. That indicates water is still running somewhere it shouldn’t be.

Signs of a Leak

Signs of a leak in your house include brown spots on your ceiling, bubbling and discolored paint, and mold. If your bathroom or kitchen floor is wet frequently and you don’t know why, or if you see wet areas under your sinks or near your bathtub, you may have a leak. Even a tiny leak can cause thousands of dollars of damage. By the time you see signs like bubbling paint, the wall is already very wet inside. Don’t delay.

Strange Sounds in Pipes

If your pipes make a hammering or thumping sound or you hear trickling water long after you are no longer using it, you should call a plumber. Your pipes should be silent except for the sound of running water when in use.

Discolored Water

Strange colored water is a sign of old pipes or mineral build-up in the hot water heater. While discolored water is usually safe to drink, it’s unsightly and can be a sign that your pipes are filling with mineral deposits or breaking down. This is especially the case if you only notice the discoloration after the water has been sitting for a while, like first thing in the morning or after vacation. While some tap water is naturally colored, if you are unsure or the color is new, call an expert.

Standing Water in the Yard

If you notice a puddle in your yard but it hasn’t rained in days, assume the worst- that you have an underground water leak or something wrong with your septic tank. Sometimes, you will have a extra-green patch of grass rather than standing water. It’s a good idea to see if your water meter is still running even with all the water shut off to check for a leak.

Low Water Pressure

Consistently low water pressure is not just annoying, it’s a bad sign. While water can have low pressure from other causes, such as maintenance on the main lines or the sprinkler system running, those will be intermittent or short term. Consistently low pressure could be caused by a leak diverting water from your lines, build up in the water heater, or clogged supply lines.

Sewer Smells

Any sewer or rotten egg smell is both annoying and a sign of an issue. You may need your venting system checked or you may have a leaking drain line. The seals and valves in your toilet might not be working correctly. You could also simply have a dry trap which is designed to hold water and keep odors out. If you have a tub or toilet that is rarely used, run water in it and see if that solves the problem. If not, call a plumber.

Discolored Pipes

If you notice discoloration on metal pipes, it’s a sign of aging and it might be time to get an inspection on your system. Corroding copper or iron pipes may be slowly leaking or wearing out.

Wobbly Toilet

A wobbly toilet may be a simple problem like a loose seat or it may be a more problematic issue like loose bolts or a wax ring that is breaking down. Try tightening the bolts and if you still feel like something is wrong, call a plumber. The wax ring seals the toilet where it enters the drain pipe and is necessary to prevent leaks and fumes.

Gurgling Sounds

If you hear gurgling or bubbling sounds from your toilet after you have flushed it, you may have air entering the line or a vent that is not working well. Drain water should run freely in your pipes and gurgling sounds, especially delayed gurgling, can be a sign of a partially clogged line somewhere.

How to Keep Your Plumbing Healthy

Plumbing is a fundamental feature of any property. We rely heavily on effective plumbing for our hygiene and health. That said, we may be unknowingly causing damage to our plumbing with our daily actions. Here are some ways that you can take care of your plumbing system so that it can continue to take care of you and your family members.

Clean up your cleansing ritual

If you look around your bathroom, you may notice soap scum on the surface of your tiles or bathtub. Just like soap residue can accumulate in visible areas, it can also build up on the inside of your pipes. The sticky soap scum catches other debris flowing down your drains to create a large clump that can clog up your pipes. To avoid this problem, switch out your soap bar for a body wash. Since body wash stays liquid the entire time, it eliminates the issue of soap-related blockages.

Body scrubs can create the same issue as well. Organic particles in your body scrub such as coffee grounds can still create clogs and non-organic particles like microplastic beads are almost impossible to break down. Look for body scrubs made with dissolvable elements like salt or make your own body scrub with raw sugar. Better yet, use an exfoliating mitt that can be reused numerous times and forgo the commercial body scrub.

Catch debris before they become clogs

Hair is one of the most common causes of bathroom clogs. The average person can shed up to a hundred strands of hairs daily, especially when washing their hair. Therefore, you should always have your bathroom drains fitted with a hair catcher. If you shave in the shower, look for fine-mesh hair catchers instead of those with bigger holes. Very short hairs from shaving can find their way past typical hair catchers and get caught on soap scum or shaving cream residue on the inside of pipes.

The same rule applies to your kitchen. Residue from cooking or rinsing your dishes may seem harmless, but these little bits of food can get stuck further along the pipes. Coffee grounds are notorious for causing serious clogs and food items like pasta can swell after soaking up water and create a blockage. To greatly reduce the possibility of having a clog, use a kitchen drain sink basket to catch all non-liquid items. Do not be tempted to wash food residue down the sink, no matter how small.

Watch what you wash down the drain

Many items that are marked ‘flushable’ are in fact responsible for causing clogs in your pipes. Flushable cat litter, baby wipes, and even some types of toilet paper do not dissolve quickly in your pipes and can get stuck in bends or become attached to sticky surfaces. Despite what the labels say, it may be best to have a separate bin in your bathroom for such items instead of flushing them down the toilet.

In the kitchen, never flush cooking oil, grease, or batter down the sink. You may think that these substances will be quickly flushed through your piping with water but they can get attached to the rough surfaces and build up over time, coating the inside of your pipes and making it harder for water to flow. Furthermore, grease can seep into your pipe joints and cause corrosion to the metal components of your sewage system.

Rinse off before coming in

People who garden frequently may rinse off soil in the shower. Similarly, if you live near the beach or have a sandbox installed for your children, you may often be washing sand down your shower drains. Soil and sand can accumulate in the bends or on the rough surfaces of your pipe and cause frequent blockages. The best way to avoid this problem is to install an outdoor tap or to use a garden hose to rinse off all sand and soil before entering the house. Although this may seem like an extra step, it is much more convenient than having to repair a broken shower drain.

Never use caustic cleaning chemicals

You may be thinking that it is no big deal if you get a clog. You just have to pour a powerful drainage cleaning product down the pipe and it will all be fine, right? Unfortunately, strong chemical drain cleaners may solve your immediate issue but can cause serious problems over the long run. Commercial drainage cleaners contain caustic chemicals such as bleach and lye that create chemical reactions to disintegrate blockages. However, the same chemical reactions can corrode your pipes. The heat generated from certain products can even cause your porcelain toilet bowls to crack.

Stay on top of your plumbing

A surefire way to keep your plumbing healthy is to identify potential issues before they occur. Schedule routine plumbing maintenance to be alerted to any bad habits that need changing. Be informed about the signs of plumbing problems such as leaks, slow drainage, rattling pipes, fluctuating water pressure, and rising water bills. Having a reliable plumbing professional on speed dial can make a huge difference to the health of your plumbing system. Look for a plumber that responds quickly and offers a 24/7 emergency plumbing service.

How to Maintain Your Copper Range Hood

When it comes to kitchen interiors, there’s nothing classier than gorgeous copper vent hoods. They add quite a bit of visual appeal to your cooking area – however, you’ll hear plenty of people telling you that copper is finicky in terms of maintenance.

In reality, a high-quality copper range hood is easier to keep in tip-top shape compared to most other materials available on the market. You just need to understand how copper “behaves” as a metal, and you’ll be just fine. With that in mind, we’ll detail how you can clean and maintain a copper vent hood below!

Maintaining The Exterior

Generally, you’ll probably spend the most time cleaning the exterior of your copper vent hood. And you can buy plenty of different cleaners for this specific purpose, both in liquid form and powder form.

In most cases, the choice depends solely on your personal preferences – and the specific manufacturer recommendations for each individual hood. However, we’ve found that most homeowners go for the powder-based cleaners simply because they’re easier to apply without messing up the cooktop below.

If you decide on a powder cleaner, we recommend you wipe down the hood with a damp cloth first – getting rid of annoying dust build-ups in the process and damping up the surface a bit before applying the powder.

Then, you can start applying your powder to the wet surface. Give it a few minutes to properly settle in. Once you see that a paste has formed on the surface, wipe it away with another clean cloth.

On the other hand, if you went with a liquid solution, odds are you can wipe it away quicker – just make sure to follow the instructions printed on the label.

Cleaning The Air Filter And Vent

Cleaning the surface of your hood was the easy part; however, you also need to do some maintenance on the vent to ensure your hood is as efficient as possible. And just to make sure you know what we’re talking about, the vent is the narrow, hollow duct through which contaminated air is expelled from your kitchen.

Even though it seems like only smoke and air passes through here, you’d be amazed at how much grease can build up in there over time. If you allow for too much of it, your fan motor won’t be able to operate at its required capacity.

So, start cleaning the vent by scrubbing off any excess grease. If there’s too much grease in your air filters, hot gasses won’t be ventilated out – and unpleasant odours may spread through your kitchen as you cook.

It’s a good idea to use a degrease while cleaning the air filters. Then, ensure they’ve completely dried out before you return them to their place in the range hood. And if they seem overly worn out from regular cleaning and excessive grease, you can always replace them with new ones.


From time to time, it’s advisable to troubleshoot your range hood and ensure everything is functioning as it should. The best way to do that as a layman is to switch it on and pay attention to how the motor or fan sounds. If you notice more noise than usual, something may be up with the fan.

Again, this could simply be a sign of dirt or grease buildup that’s making the fan work more to vent out the air. However, contact a repair professional if your range hood consistently fails to turn on or clear smoke in a reasonable time frame. There might be some DIY repair advice in your manual, but it’s always better to let a pro handle these kinds of repairs.

Preventing Damage

If you want to have a copper range hood that works at peak efficiency for a long time, the best way to ensure that is to take preventative measures. First, go through the operation manual in fine detail to ensure you understand how the whole thing works – and what some of the major dos and don’ts are.

Even if you don’t notice that the hood is “misbehaving,” cleaning it regularly is always the best way to ensure your filter and motor fans won’t clog down. Remember, grease particles are the number one enemy of even the best copper range hood. If you don’t address this issue on a regular basis, you may need to deal with expensive repairs sometime in the future.

How Often Is Cleaning Necessary?

Naturally, this also depends on your cooking habits. If you don’t prepare a lot of food frequently, cleaning the hood once per season will be more than enough. On the other hand, if you cook all the time (meaning each day), cleaning your hood every month or two is the smart way to go.

Of course, you don’t need to open up your range hood every time; the most regular cleaning will be necessary for the exterior surfaces due to the constant dust buildup no matter how often you use it. Still, cleaning the whole thing thoroughly after holiday feast preparations isn’t a bad idea.

Help! My Baby’s Skin Is Sensitive: Tips for Treating Sensitive Skin

If you’ve just had a baby, or if you have a young child who seems to always have sensitive skin, you’re probably looking for ways to help them. It can be really frustrating when your child’s skin is constantly sore and dry, and it’s hard to know what to do about it. Here are some tips for treating sensitive skin in babies and children, covering everything from using the right soap to taking care of eczema flare-ups.

Up to 20% of children in the world have eczema, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Eczema is a chronic condition that causes the skin to become dry, itchy, and inflamed. Many babies who have eczema eventually outgrow it, but it can be difficult and sometimes painful to manage in the meantime.

Even if your child does not have eczema, they are likely to have some type of skin sensitivity. It is extremely common for babies and children to have sensitive skin. In fact, it is estimated that up to 40% of infants have some degree of skin sensitivity.

If you have a baby or young child with sensitive skin, whether it is eczema or skin that gets a little red or dry sometimes, you’re likely to be looking for solutions. No-one wants to see their child suffer, and when things like eczema flare-ups happen, they can be difficult to get under control again. What you’re actually looking for is a way to keep your child’s skin under control to start with, so that problems don’t even occur.

Here are some tips for treating sensitive skin in babies and children.

Soften Your Water

If the water that comes out of your taps is hard, that means it contains a high level of minerals. These minerals can dry out your skin, so if you have sensitive skin, it’s best to use softened water for bathing and washing. Many people decide to get a water softening system installed in their home, such as this water softener system Los Angeles. The benefit of getting it installed in your home is that all the water you use will be softened, so it will be gentle on your skin as well as your hair and clothes. Soft water is also better for your home’s infrastructure, such as your heating and plumbing systems, and some of your appliances.

Use Creams and Bath Emollients Regularly

If your child’s skin is dry, itchy, and inflamed, you should be using emollients and creams regularly to help soothe and protect their skin. Emollients are moisturizing products that can help to hydrate the skin and prevent it from becoming dry in the first place. Bath emollients are products that you add to your child’s bathwater, which help to moisturize their skin as they bathe. Look for products that are designed specifically for eczema-prone skin, and make sure they do not contain ingredients you don’t want to expose your child’s skin to, such as parabens.

Creams and emollients should be used every day, even when your child does not have an eczema flare-up. This will help to prevent their skin from becoming dry and irritated, and will make it less likely that they will have a flare-up in the first place. Many doctors recommend finding a regime of creams and emollients that work for your child, and sticking to it until they are at least four years old.

And if your child tends to get skin problems after swimming in a treated swimming pool, apply their cream before they swim. This can act as a barrier to protect their skin.

Choose The Right Soap

The soap you use on your child’s skin is important, especially if they have sensitive skin. You want to make sure you’re using a soap that is designed for sensitive skin, and that does not contain any harsh chemicals or fragrances. You also want to make sure you’re not using too much soap, as this can dry out the skin. Just a small amount of soap on a washcloth should be enough to clean your child’s body. When it comes to their hair, you can use a mild baby shampoo. Sometimes you need to trial a few products before you find one that suits your child’s skin. Ask companies for small tester bottles to help you decide, and to prevent waste from buying large bottles of soaps and shampoos that are no good for your child.

Don’t Overwash

It’s important not to overwash your child if they have sensitive skin. This will only dry out their skin more and make it more likely that they will have a flare-up. Just two or three baths a week should be enough, using lukewarm water and a small amount of soap. You can also top up their baths with some colloidal oatmeal, which can help to soothe the skin. After their bath, make sure you pat their skin dry gently, rather than rubbing it. And apply a moisturizer to their skin while it is still damp to help lock in moisture.

If you follow these tips, you should see an improvement in your child’s skin. If their skin does not improve, or if they have a severe flare-up, it’s important to see a doctor or dermatologist. They will be able to prescribe medication that can help to clear up your child’s eczema. Sometimes skin flare-ups can be caused by an allergy to a type of food, so they can help you rule this out too. Plus they will be able to give you more specific advice on how to care for your child’s sensitive skin according to their particular symptoms.