Archives for OPC Pages

Reflections and Images

Interdisciplinary Reflections will be short essays (about 1000-1400 words or 3-4 pages of text), written by specialists in art, literature, science, or other disciplines related to philosophy. In most cases, these will be motivated by the material in a chapter and contribute to our understanding of the role of the concept in the period. In some cases, they will be related to the chapter as a point of contrast (e.g., a Buddhist account of eternity). They will be set off from the material of a chapter as a separate text and will usually contain illustrations. Some concepts lend themselves to Interdisciplinary Reflections more easily than others. Volumes with concepts that intersect easily with visual arts (e.g., space) and/or with music (e.g., sympathy) and/or science (e.g., body) might have one Interdisciplinary Reflection per chapter. The assumption is that concepts can be connected to at least some extra-philosophical material.

Click here to review our Guidelines for Reflections and Images; click here to view examples of past reflections.






Volume Proposals
*note: files are in PDF form*

Efficient Causation (editor: Tad Schmaltz)

Eternity Book Proposal (editor: Yitzhak Melamed)

Memory Book Proposal (editor: Dmitri Nikulin)

Sympathy Book Proposal (editor: Eric Schliesser)

Health Book Proposal (editor: Peter Adamson)

Evil Book Proposal (editor: Andrew Chignell)

The Faculties Book Proposal (editor: Dominik Perler)

Forthcoming Volumes

Under contract

Peter Adamson, King’s College London, Health
Andrew Chignell & Scott MacDonald, Cornell University, Evil
Andrew Janiak, Duke University, Space
Yitzhak Melamed, Johns Hopkins University, Eternity
Dmitri Nikulin, The New School, Memory
Dominik Perler, Humboldt University, Faculties
Eric Schliesser, Ghent University, Sympathy
Tad Schmaltz, University of Michigan, Efficient Causation
Alison Simmons, Harvard University, Consciousness

In process

Taylor Carman, Barnard College and Columbia University, Authenticity
Graciela De Pierris, Stanford University, Concept
Michael Della Rocca, Yale University, Principle of Sufficient Reason
Dennis Des Chene, Washington University–St Louis, Soul
Bachir Diagne, Columbia University, Time
Eyjólfur Emilsson, University of Oslo, Intuition
Gary Hatfield, University of Pennsylvania, Perception
Christoph Horn, University of Bonn, Law
Dan Kaufman, University of Colorado, Identity
Patricia Kitcher, Columbia University, I
Wolfgang Mann & Christia Mercer, Columbia University, Matter
Eileen O’Neill, University of Massachussetts–Amherst, Occasionalism
Gary Ostertag, The Saul Kripke Center, City University of New York, Propositions
Ursula Renz, Alpen-Adria University, Self-Knowledge
Lisa Shapiro, Simon Fraser University, Pleasure
Justin E. H. Smith, Concordia University, Embodiment
Jacqueline A Taylor, University of San Francisco, Pride
Achille Varzi & Wolfgang Mann, Columbia University, Atomism
Iakovos Vasiliou, Graduate Center, City University of New York, Motive

Table of Contents

Faculties Table of Contents

Eternity Table of Contents

Efficient Causation Table of Contents

Space Table of Contents

Sympathy Table of Contents

Memory Table of Contents




Interdisciplinary Advisors

Oxford Philosophical Concepts Interdisciplinary Advisors

Susanna Berger, PhD Candidate, History of Art, University of Cambridge.

Christopher Celenza, Professor, Department of German and Romance Languages and Literatures; secondary appointment, History Department and Classics Department, Johns Hopkins University.

Walter Frisch, H. Harold Gumm/Harry and Albert von Tilzer Professor of Music, Columbia University.

Giuseppe Gerbino, Associate Professor of Music, Columbia University.

Brooke Holmes, Assistant Professor in the Department of Classics, Princeton University.  Areas: ancient medicine and science, the Presocratics and Plato, the Greco-Roman ethical tradition, Epicureanism, and literature.

Matthew Jones, Associate Professor of History, Columbia University.

David Nirenberg, Deborah R. and Edgar D. Jannotta Professor of Medieval History and Social Thought, University of Chicago. Areas: Christians, Jews, and Muslims in medieval Europe and the Mediterranean; Medieval ideas about communication, exchange, and social relations

Pamela Smith, Professor of History, Columbia University.

Katharina Volk, Associate Professor of Classics, Columbia University.

Area Advisors

Coming soon!


Please direct all inquiries to:

Christia Mercer
Gustave M. Berne Professor,
Department of Philosophy,
Columbia University, New York

Office: 707 Philosophy Hall;
Phone: (212) 854-3190;
Fax: (212) 854-4986
E-mail: cm50 [at] Columbia [dot] edu

or visit Professor Mercer’s website.


OPC Books

Oxford Philosophical Concepts offers philosophically rich and historically sound accounts of central concepts in the history of philosophy. Each is a history of its concept written by eminent scholars whose main goal is to present the underlying problems that the concept was supposed to solve and to explain how approaches to the concept – and sometimes the concept itself — shifted in order to solve those problems. Each volume’s editor is responsible to set its focus, gather the best international scholars as contributors, and organize a workshop for its authors. Volumes include lexicons and thorough indices. OUP expects the series to have a broad international appeal and will publish the books as inexpensive paperbacks and include them in Oxford Philosophy Online.

The most original feature of OPC is its commitment to interdisciplinarity. Each volume will include 4-8 Reflections, which are short essays (3-4 pages of text), written by specialists in art, literature, science, or other disciplines related to philosophy. The main motivation here is to contextualize our concepts more fully and explore the boundaries between philosophical and extra-philosophical materials.

In presenting philosophically astute histories, OPC will deepen understanding of key philosophical concepts. In exploring the boundaries between philosophy and other disciplines, it will encourage philosophically sound interdisciplinary work. OPC will interest philosophers, scholars, and upper level students across disciplinary fields and periods.

Top international scholars act as advisers to editors. Area Advisers in philosophy help editors identify the most qualified contributors for their volumes; Interdisciplinary Advisers advise them about Reflections. The general editor, Christia Mercer, works closely with editors in the planning stages of the volume.

Guidelines for Editors


  •  Main Goal of Series

The main goal of OPC is to offer philosophically subtle and historically sound accounts of concepts that have played decisive roles in the history of philosophy. Each volume will be a history of its concept in that it will offer a story about the most significant events in the life of the concept from its inception through its transformations to its modern use. Its guiding aim is to deepen understanding of the concept and explore its role in the history of philosophy. Volumes will include the best international scholars, “extra-philosophical” material or Reflections, thorough indices, and sometimes a lexicon mapping the relation between the concept and terms referring to it. All OPC volumes are published as inexpensive paperbacks and distributed internationally. All are accessible via Oxford Scholarship Online.


  • Planning a Volume

Volume Focus and Length

Think of a volume as describing the prominent events in the life of the concept. The first questions to ask as editor are how long did the concept live, what were the major events in its career, and how often did it reinvent itself? Most concepts do not have a neat linear history. Most are born in the ancient period, transformed in medieval or early modern thought, and continue to develop in unpredictable ways. As editor, you will present “a history” of your concept in that you will set the focus of the volume and collect specialists who are willing to take up that focus.

The goal of the series is to offer philosophically astute histories, not historical surveys related to contemporary debates. While it is appropriate to end with a chapter (or two brief ones) on twentieth-century treatment(s) of the topic, the main focus of each volume is historical.

The books can be no longer than 350 printed pages or (roughly) 120,000 words (including front and back materials). Although every concept meriting a volume has had a fascinating and varied history, the entirety of that history cannot be included. The editor must select the most significant historical discussions of the concept as they relate to the volume’s central questions.


The best international scholars should be engaged as contributors. Most editors will need advice about contributors outside their field. Feel free to contact the series editor, Christia Mercer, for help. Thus far, the Area Advisers have been very helpful in making recommendations. See more information below.

Scholarly Standards

Recent scholarship has made evident the benefit in reexamining the standard narrative about the history of western philosophy and broadening our philosophical sources. Editors are encouraged to heed recent innovations in the following areas.

(1) Arabic and Jewish thinkers significantly influenced the development of western thought. When appropriate, editors should explore the intersections between their concepts and these rich philosophical traditions and aim to include Arabic and/or Jewish thinkers. Experts of Islamic, Arabic, and Jewish philosophy are prepared to make recommendations.

(2) The important contributions that women have made to the history of philosophy, especially in the early modern period, have now been widely acknowledged. Editors are encouraged to engage contributors who are able to include this material, when appropriate. Specialists on women philosophers and the history of feminism are available to advise.

(3) The history of western philosophy has traditionally been divided into neat periods: ancient Greek, medieval, Renaissance, early modern, nineteenth century, modern. While these temporal boundaries may suit some concepts, other notions have marched to their own temporal drum. Editors are encouraged to rethink conventional periodizations and present their historical narrative in the form most suitable to the arc of the volume. The need to reconfigure historical boundaries would be an important point to discuss in the introduction.

(4) The books in the OPC series will not use the term ‘Neoplatonism’ or its cognates. Rather, ‘Platonism’ and ‘Platonist’ will be used with specific periods noted. The former is an invention of the eighteenth century and encourages more confusion than clarity, especially when applied to Renaissance and early modern figures. The latter is clearer, especially for books with a wide audience in mind.

(5) The books in the series will be sensitive to recent historical work that questions standard historical categories and implies that words like ‘western’ and ‘counter-reformation’ not be capitalized.


One of the most innovative features of OPC is its recognition of the rich relation that art, architecture, music, literature, science, religion, and other cultural practices have with philosophy. Historians in all fields flirt with philosophical ideas, while historians of philosophy have learned the philosophical benefits of greater contextualization. OPC Reflections speak to this need for smart interdisciplinary exchange between philosophy and non-philosophical materials. Editors are expected to include at least four Reflections; they are encouraged to have more (see details below).


  • Individual Books in the Series

Each book will have five main parts.

  1. The introduction, written by the editor(s), is an important part of the volume. It should do two things: motivate the concept and trace the arc of the volume. Often, the best way to motivate the concept will be to explicate the main problems it was designed to solve. The goal here is to make clear both why philosophers were concerned to solve those problems and how the concept was supposed to do so. Having displayed the philosophical significance of the concept, the introduction will then tell the over-arching story of the chapters.  This introductory material should engage philosophers and be comprehensible to upper level students and scholars in related fields.
  2. The 6-10 chapters will explicate the most significant steps in the transformations of the concept in the history of European philosophy and in some cases describe the role of the concept in other prominent traditions. Most volumes will contain 6-8 chapters, which are meant to tell an integrated story.
  3. Reflections are short essays (about 1200-1600 words or 3-4 pages of printed text), written by specialists in art, literature, music, religion, science, or other disciplines related to philosophy that reflect on the concept from a new or surprising perspective. For more information on Reflections, see section below, Reflections: Getting them Right.
  4. Illustrations and Images are encouraged. Black and white images may be included in chapters and many Reflections will have at least one image. For more information, see Illustrations and Images below.
  5. Back matter will include:

(1) Bibliography, divided into primary and secondary materials. Some editors may also want to include an Index locorum (index of texts cited).

(2) Thorough Index.

(3) A Lexicon will be included in some volumes. Because terms go in and out of use, are translated into other languages in surprising ways, and often do not track the shifts in the construal of the concept, a Lexicon will be a helpful addition to some books. Non-Latin scripts (e.g., Arabic, Hebrew) will be allowed. Christia Mercer, the series editor, will offer some help with these, if editors need it.


  • Enlisting Contributors

Here are some recommendations about enlisting contributors:

  • Make clear the nature of the series, what it is (an attempt to offer tightly argued histories of main concepts and to be somewhat interdisciplinary) and what it is not (not another “companion”).
  • Potential contributors will want to know the strategy of the volume. So, they should be sent a summary of the editor’s understanding of the concept, including the main questions of focus (or a first stab at them). This can act as a draft of the introduction to the volume.
  • Refer potential contributors to the OUP website’s list of books in the series [] and to the OPC website where they can see the list of volumes, proposals, etc. []
  • Enlist 3-4 contributors whom you know and then write to those scholars with whom you are less familiar.


  • Reflections: Getting them Right

What they are supposed to be: Reflections are short essays (about 1200-1600 words or 3-4 pages of printed text). Each is a self-contained unit, placed between chapters. They should be written by specialists in art, literature, music, religion, science, or other disciplines related to philosophy and should reflect on the concept from a new or surprising perspective. Every volume is expected to include at least one Reflection using an example drawn from art or music. Reflections are not a way to fill gaps in the philosophical story. Rather, they should explore the boundary between philosophical and extra-philosophical materials. Most will focus on examples drawn from art, music, theater, science, or literature. In other words, the point of Reflections is to use non-philosophical materials to enliven, enrich, or exemplify the philosophical concept. Successful Reflections usually focus on one or two specific examples (of literature, art, music) in order to make their case. For examples, see Reflections on the website. Reflection authors are encouraged to use images when they are directly relevant to their point. Once again, every volume must include a Reflection drawn from the visual arts or music.

How to make them work: Editors have sometimes found it challenging to find the right authors for Reflections. Strategies for finding appropriate authors are: enlist a friend or colleague in the relevant departments (e.g., music, art, biology) or ask such colleagues to identify talented advanced graduate students (although this should be the exception and not the rule). Feel free to confer with Christia Mercer. It is important to communicate clearly to the prospective Reflection author the set of problems discussed in the volume. A Reflection should engage (at least) one of these problems from the perspective of its author’s discipline.


  • Illustrations and Images

Most Reflections and some chapters will use illustrations and images to illustrate points and enrich discussion. For models of Reflections and their use of illustrations, see the OPC website. For help with tracking down appropriate images and obtaining permissions, see Submitting a Manuscript on the OPC website.


  • Workshops

To maximize collaboration among authors and encourage philosophical coherence, every volume editor is expected to have a workshop. Each workshop has three main goals. It will set a firm deadline for contributions, allow scholars to discuss their work, and make the volume as consistent in terminology and ideas as possible. Having exchanged drafts of chapters ahead of time, contributors will be able to discuss their views and coordinate their efforts at the workshop. Each workshop will also encourage a broader interdisciplinary range than historians of philosophy usually attempt. Workshop organizers are encouraged to invite some Reflection authors and/or specialists from other disciplines who will write Reflections, with the aim of approaching the concept from other perspectives (artistic, cultural, literary, scientific, and so on).


  • Submitting a Proposal

An editor should first submit a brief draft proposal to the series editor and then (upon her recommendation) to Peter Ohlin, Philosophy Editor at OUP, who will have it peer-reviewed ([email protected]).

Proposals should include:

— A summary of the goal of the series. This will help referees in assessing the proposal. Editors can either use the Main Goals of the Series (see above) or materials on the OPC website.

— A provisional summary of the volume, including predictions about its focus and arc. In effect, this is a preliminary version of the introduction. In most cases, 2-3 pages will suffice. This is the trickiest and most important part of the proposal. It needs to inform both the contributors and the outside readers about the volume’s focus before the details of the volume are in place. Questions to address are: what debates does the concept engage and what problems is it supposed to solve? Some concepts shift in meaning and centrality. Do the problems that the concept is supposed to solve change significantly? Try to offer some predictions about the overall arc of the volume and a series of questions that articulate its main concerns. The questions will keep the contributors focused. See OPC website for examples of successful proposals.

— A list of contents, including a brief abstract of each chapter (3-5 sentences) and a bio of each contributor 1-2 sentences). Each abstract should summarize the point of the chapter paying attention to the questions posed by the editor.

— Ideas about 3 or 4 Reflections. These suggestions may be very preliminary.

— Time-line, including proposed deadlines for chapter drafts, workshop, and completed manuscript.


Editors should feel free to contact the series editor, Christia Mercer, with questions.



Volumes and their Editors

Under contract

Andrew Chignell and Scott MacDonald, Cornell, Evil

Yitzhak Melamed, Johns Hopkins, Eternity

Dmitri Nikulin, New School, Memory

Eric Schliesser, University of Leiden, Sympathy

Tad Schmaltz, Michigan, Efficient Causation


In process

Peter Adamson, King’s College, London, Health

Taylor Carmen, Barnard/Columbia, Authenticity

Dennis Des Chene, Washington University–St Louis, Soul

Bachir Diagne, Columbia, Time

Eyjólfur Emilsson, University of Oslo, IntuitionIneffability

Gary Hatfield, University of Pennsylvania, PerceptionColor

Andrew Janiak, Duke, Space

Eileen O’Neill, Occasionalism

Lisa Shapiro, Simon Fraser, Pleasure

Alison Simmons, Harvard, Consciousness

Jacqueline A Taylor, University of San Francisco, Dignity

Iakovos Vasiliou, CUNY, Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center, Moral Motivation

Achille Varzi and Wolfgang Mann, Columbia, Part-Whole

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Books in the Series

Click here here for a list of published (or soon-to-be-published) volumes; here for volumes under contract; and here for volumes currently in the works.

Oxford New Histories of Philosophy

Project Vox